As I sit here, trying to write a paper, I found this article entitled “How to write consistently boring scientific literature” very interesting. (via The Annals of Improbably Research”
I’m afraid it’s behind a paywall, so I’ll summarize their findings.
Here’s their table that summarizes their findings in bullet-points.
This is my favorite one:
If an author really wants to make sure that the reader looses interest, I recommend that he/she does not introduce the ideas and main findings straightaway, but instead hide them at the end of a lengthy narrative. The technique can be refined by putting the same emphasis on what is unimportant or marginally important as on what is really important to make certain that the writing creates the proper hypnotic effect which will put the reader to sleep.
This is unfortunately true. I guess the motivation is to try to avoid making strong statements that might come back to haunt you, but the fear of making a mistake often results in roundabout reasoning and really boring statements.
Avoid originality and personality
Yep, I totally see that one. God forbid you actually say something funny or include some kind of joke. And it usually isn’t your reviewers that will complain about such a thing, but your peers who worry that they will detract from the seriousness of your report.
Remove most implications and every speculation
This almost seems like a repeat of avoiding focus, but the example they provide of what you should do is excellent.
“It has not escaped our notice that the specific pairing we have postulated immediately suggests a possible copying mechanism for the genetic material”
James Watson and Francis Crick (1953)
Now, that strong statement could have been really bad if their paper hadn’t revolutionized the field or proven incorrect.
Leave out illustrations, particularly good ones
I wish our school or departments had regular contracts with scientific illustrators. Some schools do, but there really should be a position at each school where they have a scientifically-literate artist that helps authors conceptualize their findings with clear and pretty art. Ideally, most papers would end with a nice illustration of the changes to the model, or proposed mechanism that the paper discusses. And hey, it’s an extra figure!
Omit necessary steps of reasoning
Use many abbreviations and technical terms
The worst of science! Jargonization is almost always a sign of incomplete understanding or the desire to hide the fact that your research is really very simple. It reminds me of sociology classes in undergrad, which mostly consisted of teaching the non-sociology students how to translate paragraphs of convoluted language into statements like, “big buildings reflect wealth”, or “poor people have different problems than rich people”. Ugh. I hated that class.
Suppress humor and flowery language
I think this fits with the avoid originality and personality. Also, when one is constantly struggling to stay under page limits, any sentence that can be shortened into something that is terse and boring, is inevitably made terse and boring.
Degrade species and biology to statistical elements
I admit, I didn’t get this one as much.
A very special beech forest, located 120 km away, houses numerous rare plant species. There is no reason to make a fuss about this particular forest because the number of common species in a nearby forest is not significantly different.
Our scientific writing in biology should reduce all species to numbers and statistical elements without considering any interesting biological aspects of adaptation, behavior and evolution. The primary goal of ecological study should be the statistical testing of different models. This is especially true because, on further examination, these models are often indistinguishable from each other, and many have no biological meaning. Hence, writing about them will inevitably produce dry, humorless, uninspired text.
I guess they are discussing the tendency to avoid description of ones samples with any affection?
Quote numerous papers for self-evident statements
This one might be the most difficult to avoid. You have to worry about whether your reviewer will be pissed because you don’t cite their article, or whether you will cite one article but another might have proceeded or predicted the result.
Now if I can just avoid doing these things.
Kaj Sand-Jensen (2007), How to write consistently boring scientific literature, Oikos 116 (5), 723-727.
* I see that Omni Brain covered this article as well. I guess we both like AIR.